ROPS 2015

Research University Spaces: The Multiple Purposes of an Undergraduate Education. Steven Brint. CSHE 9.15 (October 2015)

Steven G. Brint
2015

Students, faculty, and the public expect undergraduate education in research universities to contribute to multiple developmental purposes.   While academic purposes remain pre-eminent, a singular focus on knowledge and skills development is no longer adequate.

INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC MOBILITY: Towards a Concentration of the Minds in Europe

Marijk van der Wende
2015

The global competition and related international academic mobility in science and research is rising. Within this context, Europe faces quantitative skills shortages, including an estimate of between 800,000 and one million researchers. Within Europe skills imbalances and mismatches increase, with a growing divergence between countries and regions, in particular between the North and South, in terms of their ability to invest and attract human and financial capital for R&D.

LIBERALIZING THE ACADEMY: The Transformation Of Higher Education In the United States And Germany

Tobias Schulze-Cleven
2015

Over the past two decades, public higher education has become widely recognized for its contribution to socio-economic adjustment. This paper probes its evolution in two large and affluent democracies, the United States and Germany, whose higher education systems represent distinct ideal types. The analysis argues that public authorities in both countries have liberalized their systems to spur innovation in the provision of higher education. Yet a broad convergence in associated market expansion has coincided with divergence in its modes and consequences.

HOW AND WHY THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA GOT ITS AUTONOMY

John Aubrey Douglass
2015

The University of California became a “public trust” in 1879 as part of a larger revision of California’s Constitution approved by California voters. The University henceforth gained the exclusive power to operate, control, and administer the University of California, becoming virtually a fourth branch of state government, a "constitutional corporation . . . equal and coordinate with the legislature, the judiciary and the executive.

ROMANTIC KNOWLEDGE

Patricia A. Pelfrey
2015

While British Romantic literature provides ample evidence of the pleasures of knowledge, it also reveals strong counter-evidence of its power to inflict a sense of intellectual impairment and diminution.  This Romantic ambivalence sprang from a complex of ideas and anxieties about the potentially corrosive effects of certain kinds of education and learning on the brain, damage that could diminish cognitive vigor and distort the inner experience of identity.  The collision between the image of the individual disempowered by knowledge and Enlightenment faith in its role as the engine of

Restructuring Public Higher Education Governance to Succeed in a Highly Competitive Environment by James A. Hyatt

James A. Hyatt
2015

Given diminished governmental support, competition from private counterparts, and public demands for access to services, public universities need to respond in an effective manner to take advantage of opportunities and meet the challenges of today’s highly competitive environment. A critical factor in meeting these challenges is the manner in which these institutions are governed.

The Liberal Arts and The University by Nicholas B. Dirks

Nicholas B. Dirks
2015

As the University of California continues to face unprecedented challenges—from state disinvestment, to attempts by the legislature to wrest control of the university, to disruption brought on by new technology, to concerns, valid or otherwise, about the value of college—university leaders must return to fundamental questions about the purposes of higher education to guide us in our decision making.

THE GROWING CORRELATION BETWEEN RACE AND SAT SCORES: New Findings from California by Saul Geiser

Saul Geiser
2015

This paper presents new and surprising findings on the relationship between race and SAT scores. The findings are based on the population of California residents who applied for admission to the University of California from 1994 through 2011, a sample of over 1.1 million students. The UC data show that socioeconomic background factors – family income, parental education, and race/ethnicity – account for a large and growing share of the variance in students’ SAT scores over the past twenty years.

GLOBALIZATION, INTERNATIONALIZATION AND ASIAN EDUCATIONAL HUBS: Do We Need Some New Metaphors? by John N. Hawkins

John N. Hawkins
2015

It is not uncommon when reading about higher education change in the Asia Pacific region to see it described in the context of globalization and internationalization.  These terms are sometimes used interchangeably as in “the globalized university”, “internationalization of higher education”, “internationalizing the university in the age of globalization” and so on.  Often the use of these terms assumes that the reader knows how to distinguish between them, how they relate to each other, and how these large, somewhat slippery concepts are connected to individual HEIs.  This paper atte

PRIVATIZATION AND ACCESS: THE CHILEAN HIGHER EDUCATION EXPERIMENT AND ITS DISCONTENTS

Cristina González
Liliana Pedraja
2015

President Barack Obama recently announced a proposal to eliminate tuition charges at community colleges so that everyone can easily complete the first two years of a university education.  At the same time, the administration is creating new regulations to curb the worst abuses of for-profit universities.  This suggests that the country has reached a turning point regarding access to higher education.  There is a practical limit to privatization, and the countries that have privatized their higher education systems most aggressively, such is the case of the United States, are now reac