ROPS 2002

Investment Patterns In California Higher Education And Policy Options For A Possible Future

John Aubrey Douglass

What has been the level of public investment in this higher education system, and how has it performed over the past century? What are the challenges that California higher education faces in the future and what level of investment is necessary? This paper attempts to provide an historical context to these questions to assist Californians as they once again consider how to expand educational opportunity. California now faces a dramatic new period of potential enrollment and program growth that will have a significant impact on socio-economic mobility, and on the state's economic...

Current Transformations in Norwegian Higher Education, by Kim Gunnar Helsvig

Kim Gunnar Helsvig

This article revises Norwegian higher education debate from the publication of a radical reform proposal made by a government committee in May 2000 until the closure of the reform process in the parliament in May 2001. It is argued that a great rhetorical divide between neo-liberal and Humboldtian concepts of higher education characterized the debate, and that this to some extent distorted the coherence of the final solutions. Nevertheless, it is maintained that the reform is quite likely to instigate a period of profound changes in the national higher education system.

The Role of US Higher Education in the Global E-Learning Market

Marijk Van der Wende

This paper analyzes system and institutional level responses to the growing demand for e-learning in the US in comparison with a number of other countries and regions. It reviews the external forces and factors that are driving institutions to introduce and use ICT in this area and investigates in particular the role of globalisation and increasing competition. The responses of institutions to the changing (global) environment are discussed with respect to e-learning models and international strategies. Finally, a number of future scenarios are presented as well as an outline for research...

From Multi- to Meta-University: Organizational and Political Change at the University of California in the 20th Century and Beyond

John Aubrey Douglass

Using Clark Kerr's observations on the American research university in the post-World War II era as a discussion point, this paper offers a brief summary of the expansion of the University of California during the 20th century, general observations on the emergence of its contemporary management structure after World War II, and an preliminary assessment of the possible scope of expansion and change in the new century.

Investing in Educational Technologies: The Challenge of Reconciling Institutional Strategies, Faculty Goals, and Student Expectations

Diane Harley

The Higher Education in the Digital Age Project (HEDA) is concerned with the policy implications of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for higher education. This paper specifically analyzes some of the ways in which ICTs are being employed as possible solutions to the triad of pressures facing US research universities: (a) holding down costs, (b) providing access to an increasingly diverse demographic, and (c) maintaining quality. It presents a brief review of activities taking place throughout the US, and discusses some of the pressures that US research universities...

Admissions Bias: A New Approach to Validity Estimation in Selected Samples

Jesse M. Rothstein

Validity researchers typically work with nonrandom samples, membership in which depends in part on the exam score being investigated. In a study of the SAT's validity for freshman GPA at a particular college, for example, FGPA is not observed for the entire pool of potential applicants, but only for those who are admitted and enroll. This sample selection biases validity estimates. Corrections for restriction of range remedy the problem only when the exam score is the sole determinant of selection, and even then do not permit consistent estimation of the exam's incremental validity....

New Directions for Student Outreach: The University of California's School - University Partnerships

Thomas B. Timar
Rodney Ogawa
Marie Orillion

In academic year 1998-99 the University of California launched an unprecedented campaign to enhance its outreach to the state’s K-12 public education system. While the University has long been involved in outreach programs that provide tutors, mentors and campus visits to middle and high school students, the current campaign added a new dimension to its educational outreach portfolio: partnerships between the University and educationally low performing high schools. The program aimed to improve the overall academic performance of targeted high schools and their feeder middle and elementary...

The Role and Experience of Inventors and Start-ups in Commercializing University Research: Case Studies at the University of California 2002

Robert Lowe

This chapter from the author's dissertation summarizes findings from case studies of university-based start-up firms. The case studies contribute descriptive accounts to support and illuminate emerging empirical research on this specialized set of start-ups. The case studies highlight several interesting findings related to the special role of inventors and the university in developing the technology as well as how the operating experience of these firms compares and contrasts with standard beliefs about start-ups. For example, the case studies document the stark contrasts among...

University Teaching as E-Business? Research and Policy Agendas

Diane Harley
Gary Matkin
Michael Goldstein
Sally Johnstone
Peter Lyman
Roger Geiger
Hal Abelson
Vijay Kumar
Robert Lapiner
Phillip B. Stark
Geoffrey Cox
Andy DiPaolo
Julius Zalmanowitz
Kurt Larson

After reviewing the transcripts of the meeting, we decided that their high quality warrantedasking individual authors and respondents to review and revise their contributions in lightof the discussions. The results of their efforts form the basis of this collection. Althoughboth they and we have done significant editing of the original transcripts, we did notattempt to force the papers into one editorial style; rather, each represents the style andperspective of its author. Some authors chose to rework their talks into formal papers, andsome authors chose the extemporaneous tone that...