ROPS 2000-2001

ROPS 2000-2001

2000

From Mass Higher Education to Universal Access: The American Advantage

Martin Trow
2000

This paper reflects on some of the main issues facing research universities as they strive to simultaneously complete the creation of systems of mass higher education and also move towards Internet-based universal access. It examines these issues from an American perspective, but in comparative context. Universities on both sides of the Atlantic face problems, but they take different (though similar) forms and evoke different responses. They are part of a larger crisis in higher education in Western societies.

Some Consequences of the New Information and Communication Technologies for Higher Education

A Social Contract Between the Public Higher Education Sector and the People of South Africa, by Ahmed C. Bawa

Ahmed C. Bawa
2000

The higher education sector in South Africa is experiencing an existential crisis. For all of its diverse elements and activities and values as a system, its historic mission and the role that it plays in society were defined for it in the previous era - this not withstanding the progressive roles played by some of the . However, it is an existential crisis which stems only partially from its history in our Apartheid past.

Politics, Markets, and University Costs: Financing Universities in the Current Era, by Roger L. Geiger

2001

U. C. Faculty Hiring: The Pool, Parity, and Progress -- Testimony to the Senate Select Committee on Government Oversight

M. R. C. Greenwood
2001

This paper represents the testimony before a State Senate Committee concerning the hiring of women faculty at the University of California. It examines the status of the employment of women faculty, the decrease in the hiring of women after Prop. 209, the difficulties of the job market, and the strategies the university is using to attract and retain qualified women faculty.

BIBS: A Lecture Webcasting System

Lawrence A. Rowe
Diane Harley
Peter Pletcher
Shannon Lawrence
2001

The Berkeley Internet Broadcasting System (BIBS) is a lecture webcasting system developed and operated by the Berkeley Multimedia Research Center. The system offers live remote viewing and on-demand replay of course lectures using streaming audio and video over the Internet. During the Fall 2000 semester 14 classes were webcast, including several large lower division classes, with a total enrollment of over 4,000 students. Lectures were played over 15,000 times per month during the semester. The primary use of the webcasts is to study for examinations.

How California Determined Admissions Pools: Lower and Upper Division Student Targets and the California Master Plan for Higher Education, by John Aubrey Douglass

John Aubrey Douglass
2001

The 1960 California Master Plan for Higher Education made a number of recommendations in the area of admissions. Key was a proposed target of at least 60% of all undergraduate students being at the upper division level at the University of California and what became the California State University system. At the time, approximately 51 percent of the instruction at both UC and the State Colleges (CSU) were at the upper division. It was assumed that there was a high correlation between upper division instruction and the status of undergraduates as Juniors and Seniors.

Higher Education in the Digital Age: A U.S. Perspective on Why Accurate Predictions May Be Difficult

Diane Harley
2001

This paper analyzes some of the ways in which Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are being employed as possible solutions to the triad of pressures facing US research universities: (a) holding down costs, (b) providing access to an increasingly diverse demographic, and (c) maintaining quality. It presents the preliminary results of a large research project investigating the economic and pedagogical impacts of technology enhancements in a large lecture course at the University of California, Berkeley.